Amerika Sāmoa
Sāmoa Amelika

American Samoa

Unincorporated territory of the ‌United States
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Samoa, Muamua Le Atua
Samoa, Let God Be First
Anthem
The Star-Spangled Banner
Amerika Samoa
Location of American Samoa
Region Samoan Islands
Capital Pago Pago
Government Unorganized territory
Head of state
- From 2009 Barack Obama
Governor
- From 2003 Togiola Tulafono
Legislature Fono
- Unicameral chamber House of Representatives
History
- 1899 Tripartite Convention
- 1900 Deed of Cession of Tutuila
- 1904 Deed of Cession of Manu'a
- 1925 Annexation of Swains Island
Area 199 km²
Population
- 2007 68,200
 Density 342.7/km²
GDP 2007 (PPP)
- Total US$ 0.5 billion
- Per capita US$ 7,874
Currency US dollar
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American Samoa is an unincorporated unorganized territory of the United States, located in Polynesia.


Background

Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was "discovered" by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.[1]

Economy

American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. The two tuna canneries account for 80% of employment. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami devastated American Samoa and nearby Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency is overseeing a relief program of nearly $25 million. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.[2]

Head of state

  • Barack Obama () (January 20, 2009 - )


Governor

  • Togiola Tulafono () (March 26, 2003 - )

Nation

United States Unincorporated Territories

Samoan Polities

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview
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