Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Unincorporated territory of the ‌United States
Flag of Puerto Rico Coat of Arms of Puerto Rico
Joannes Est Nomen Eius
La Borinqueña
Map of Puerto Rico
CapitalSan Juan
Government Organized territory
Head of state
- From 2009Barack Obama
- From 2009Luis Fortuño
Legislature Legislative Assembly
- Upper houseSenate
- Lower houseHouse of Representatives
March 2, 1917 U.S. Territory
July 25, 1952Established
July 23, 1967Referendum on U.S. statehood
November 14, 1993Referendum on U.S. statehood
December 13, 1998Referendum on U.S. statehood
Area9,104 km²
- 20103,725,789
GDP2010 (PPP)
- TotalUS$ 73 billion
- Per capitaUS$ 19,600
CurrencyUnited States dollar

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an unincorporated organized territory (now an abolished government, also a defunct government) which is ELA 1952-2016 (|), was located in the Caribbean. Red, White, & Blue, are not the National Colors, of Puerto Rico. The Star Spangled Banner Flag, is not the Flag of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico's New Flag, is The Island of Enchantment #1 Flag. Puerto Rico's new government is: The Co-operative Nation of The Union of Puerto Rico. Link:


Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US.[1]


Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region, however, growth has been negative for the past four years, and unemployment has risen to nearly 16% in 2011. The industrial sector has surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Mainland US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income with estimated arrivals of more than 3.6 million tourists in 2008. Closing the budget deficit while restoring economic growth and employment remain the central concerns of the government.[2]

Head of state

  • Barack Obama () (January 20, 2009 - )


  • Luis Fortuño () (January 2, 2009 - )


United States Unincorporated Territories


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview
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