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Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Federation
Commonwealth realm
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Country Above Self
Anthem
O Land of Beauty
God Save the Queen
Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Capital Basseterre
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Monarch
- From 1983 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
- From 1996 Sir Cuthbert Sebastian
Prime Minister
- From 1995 Dr. Denzil Douglas
Legislature National Assembly
History
September 19, 1983 Independence from the United Kingdom
Commonwealth accession September 19, 1983
Area 261 km²
Population
- July 2005 51,300
 Density 196.5/km²
GDP July 2005 (PPP)
- Total US$ 0.6 billion
- Per capita US$ 13,429
Currency East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Saint Christopher and Nevis.svg St Christopher-Nevis
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The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is a commonwealth realm and a parliamentary democracy located in the Caribbean.


Background

First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis is once more trying to separate from the Saint Kitts.[1]

Economy

Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange. The opening of a 470-room resort in February 2003 was expected to bring in much-needed revenue.[2]

Monarch

  • Elizabeth II () (September 19, 1983 - )

Governor-General

  • Sir Cuthbert Sebastian () (January 1, 1996 - )

Prime Minister

  • Dr. Denzil Douglas () (July 7, 1995 - )

Nation

Kittitian Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview
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