Polynésie française
French Polynesia

Overseas collectivity of ‌France
Flag Coat of arms
Tahiti Nui Mare'are'a
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
La Marseillaise
Location of French Polynesia
Region Polynesia
Capital Papeete
Status Overseas collectivity
President of France
- From 2007 Nicolas Sarkozy
President of French Polynesia
- From 2009 Gaston Tong Sang
Legislature Assembly
July 22, 1957 Established
March 28, 2003 Overseas collectivity
Area 4,167 km²
- 2010 267,000
 Density 64/km²
Currency CFP franc
Flag of France.svg French Union

The French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France located in the Pacific Ocean (|). The constitutional status as an overseas collectivity was introduced in 2003 and remains unchanged, however in 2004 it also received the designation as an overseas country.


The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were suspended in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.[1]


Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.[2]

President of France

  • Nicolas Sarkozy () (January 1, 2007 - )

President of French Polynesia

  • Gaston Tong Sang () (November 24, 2009 - )


French Overseas Collectivities

Polynesian Polities


  1. The CIA World Factbook: Introduction - Background
  2. The CIA World Factbook: Economy - Overview
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