République du Congo
Republic of the Congo

Rival national government of ‌Congo (Léopoldville)
Flag of Congo-Léopoldville 1960–1961 Flag of Congo-Léopoldville
Flag of Congo-Léopoldville Coat of Arms of Congo-Léopoldville
Map of the Congo Crisis
Break-away state:
Rebellion for autonomy:
South Kasai
Government Republic
- 1961Antoine Gizenga
Prime minister
- 1960-1961Antoine Gizenga
December 1, 1960 Lumumba arrested
December 13, 1960Established
January 17, 1961Lumumba dies in captivity
August 5, 1961Disestablished
January 14, 1962Stanleyville falls
Flag of Congo-Léopoldville Congo (Léopoldville) Congo (Léopoldville) Flag of Congo-Léopoldville

The Republic of the Congo operating from Stanleyville (1960-1961) was an attempt to continue constitutional government of the newly independent Republic of the Congo following a military coup d'etat on September 14, which dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution.

The Stanleyville government was led by previous deputy prime minister, Antoine Gizenga, following the arrest and execution the first Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba (). The Stanleyville government did not prevail, but it hold recognition from the Soviet Union, Eastern Bloc () countries and several newly independent African states. Belgium, the former colonial power, and the western powers either supported other separatist movements, or the leaders of the military coup in the capital, Léopoldville.


  • Antoine Gizenga () (March 31, 1961 - August 5, 1961)

Prime minister

  • Antoine Gizenga () (December 13, 1960 - August 5, 1961)


  • Flag of Congo-Léopoldville Congo (Congo Crisis)

Congo Crisis

Congolese Polities


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