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Deutsches Reich
German Reich

Federation
Flag of the German Empire 1919–1933 Flag of Germany (1935-45)
Flag of Germany (Weimar) Coat of Arms of Germany
Anthem
Das Lied der Deutschen
Map of Germany (Weimar)
Allied occupation:
Rhineland (1920-30)
Expanded Allied occupation:
Ruhr (1923-24)
CapitalBerlin
Government Republic and parliamentary democracy
President
- 1919-1925Friedrich Ebert
- 1925-1934Paul von Hindenburg
Chancellor
- 1919-1920Gustav Bauer
- 1920Hermann Müller
- 1920-1921Konstantin Fehrenbach
- 1921-1922Joseph Wirth
- 1922-1923Wilhelm Cuno
- 1923Gustav Stresemann
Chancellor (in rebellion)
- 1920Wolfgang Kapp
History
August 11, 1919Established
January 10, 1920Treaty of Versailles
March 13, 1920Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch
January 30, 1933Hitler appointed chancellor
February 27, 1933Reichstag fire
March 23, 1933Enabling Act
Area468,787 km²
Population
- 192562,411,000
 Density133.1/km²
CurrencyMark
Rentenmark
Reichsmark
Flag of the German Empire German Empire Third Reich Flag of Germany (1935-45)
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The Weimar Republic (1919-1933) is the name given by historians to the federal republic and parliamentary representative democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace the imperial form of government. It was named after Weimar, the city where the constitutional assembly took place. Its official name was German Realm (Deutsches Reich), which is often mistranslated into English as Germany, or rendered by the partial translation German Reich.


President

  • Friedrich Ebert () (August 11, 1919 - February 28, 1925)
  • Paul von Hindenburg () (February 28, 1925 - August 2, 1934)

Chancellor

  • Gustav Bauer () (August 11, 1919 - March 27, 1920)
  • Hermann Müller () (March 27, 1920 - June 21, 1920)
  • Konstantin Fehrenbach () (June 21, 1920 - May 10, 1921)
  • Joseph Wirth () (May 10, 1921 - November 22, 1922)
  • Wilhelm Cuno () (November 22, 1922 - August 13, 1923)
  • Gustav Stresemann () (August 13, 1923 - November 30, 1923)
  • Wilhelm Marx () (November 30, 1923 - January 16, 1925)
  • Hans Luther () (January 16, 1925 - May 17, 1926)
  • Wilhelm Marx () (May 17, 1926 - June 28, 1928)
  • Hermann Müller () (June 28, 1928 - March 30, 1930)
  • Heinrich Brüning () (March 30, 1930 - June 1, 1932)
  • Franz von Papen () (June 1, 1932 - December 3, 1932)
  • Kurt von Schleicher () (December 3, 1932 - January 30, 1933)

Chancellor (in rebellion)

  • Wolfgang Kapp () (March 13, 1920 - March 17, 1920)

Nation

German Polities

Neighbouring Nations

References


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